Book: Rajendra Parsad «Passive Chemical Project 9783838333373»

Passive Chemical Project 9783838333373
The corrosion current of bare copper metal was determined in ferric ion and in hydrogen peroxide solutions and was found to be close to the CMP rate reported in the literature. This leads to the new conclusion that copper CMP is mainly a corrosive wear process that occurs at the abraded spots on the wafer surface, the high spots. Cu(I)BTA film forms only at the low areas which are not being abraded. This finding calls for the revision of the conventional view that CMP involves a successive sequence of film formation and removal.
Издательство: "LAP Lambert Academic Publishing" (2010)
ISBN: 9783838333373
Универсальный код товара: 9783838333373

Характеристики

Возраст: 18

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Solar energy — is the light and radiant heat from the Sun that powers Earth s climate and weather and sustains life. Since ancient times it has been harnessed for human use through a range of technologies. Solar radiation along with secondary solar resources… …   Wikipedia

  • Geophysical MASINT — is a branch of Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) that involves phenomena transmitted through the earth (ground, water, atmosphere) and manmade structures including emitted or reflected sounds, pressure waves, vibrations, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview        Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… …   Universalium

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium

  • Risk factors for breast cancer — Risk factors of breast cancer may be divided into preventable and non preventable. Their study belongs in the field of epidemiology. Breast cancer, like other forms of cancer, is considered to result from multiple environmental and hereditary… …   Wikipedia

  • Solar thermal energy — Solar thermal system for water heating in Santorini, Greece …   Wikipedia

  • international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… …   Universalium

  • France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… …   Universalium

  • sensory reception, human — Introduction  means by which humans react to changes in external and internal environments.   Ancient philosophers called the human senses “the windows of the soul,” and Aristotle described at least five senses sight, hearing, smell, taste, and… …   Universalium

  • Radon — This article is about the chemical element. For other uses, see Radon (disambiguation). astatine ← radon → francium Xe ↑ Rn ↓ Uuo …   Wikipedia

  • Nanotechnology — Part of a series of articles on …   Wikipedia

  • Health and Disease — ▪ 2009 Introduction Food and Drug Safety.       In 2008 the contamination of infant formula and related dairy products with melamine in China led to widespread health problems in children, including urinary problems and possible renal tube… …   Universalium

  • Nervous system — Nerve redirects here. For other uses, see Nerve (disambiguation). This article is about the nervous system. For parts of the nervous system commonly called nerves, see Peripheral nerve. Nervous system The Human N …   Wikipedia

  • muscle — muscleless, adj. muscly, adj. /mus euhl/, n., v., muscled, muscling, adj. n. 1. a tissue composed of cells or fibers, the contraction of which produces movement in the body. 2. an organ, composed of muscle tissue, that contracts to produce a… …   Universalium

  • Defence Research and Development Organisation — Sanskrit: बलस्य मूलं विज्ञानम् Strength s Origin is in Science [1] Agency overvi …   Wikipedia

  • Landslide mitigation — Landslides can be triggered by many often concomitant causes. In addition to shallow erosion or reduction of shear strength caused by seasonal rainfall, causes triggered by anthropic activities such as adding excessive weight above the slope,… …   Wikipedia